• RUAA R. MUNEAM Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, University of Kufa, Iraq https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3607-5162
  • ALI ABID ABOJASSIM Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, University of Kufa, Iraq
  • GHADEER HAKIM JAAFAR KATHEM Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, University of Kufa, Iraq




Cadmium heavy metal, Flame atomic absorption spectrophotometer, Carcinogenic risk, Cheese samples


Objective: The purpose of this study was to look into the concentration of the heavy element Cadmium and its health risks in cheese samples available in Iraqi markets. 

Methods: 72 random samples of six country groups (15 Iran, 9 Iraq, 9 Egypt, 15 Turkey, 15 Hungary, and 9 Saudi Arabia) available in Iraqi markets were collected and analyzed using an atomic absorption spectrophotometer, Shimadzu model AA7000, USA.

Results: The highest average Cd metal level in the samples was found in Iranian cheese, while the lowest was in Iraqi ones. The descending Cd order of the countries was Turkey>Hungary>Egypt>Iran>Saudi Arabia>Iraq, according to the T-test confirmation. The daily Cd metal intake ( ), Cd target hazard quotient ( ), and Cd carcinogenic risk ( ) values were less than the permissible and risk values.

Conclusion: Eventually, the health risk parameters revealed that there are no pose risks from those cheeses to Iraqi consumers.


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How to Cite

MUNEAM, R. R., A. A. ABOJASSIM, and G. H. JAAFAR KATHEM. “HEAVY CADMIUM METAL DETERMINATION CONCENTRATION IN CHEESE”. International Journal of Chemistry Research, vol. 7, no. 2, Apr. 2023, pp. 1-3, doi:10.22159/ijcr.2023v7i2.216.



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